The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) is the first multilateral agreement on trade in services. It was negotiated in the last round of multilateral trade negotiations, the Uruguay Round, and entered into force in 1995. The GATS provides a framework of rules for trade in services, establishes a mechanism for countries to commit to liberalizing trade in services, and provides a mechanism for the settlement of disputes between countries. No. Sectoral negotiations result in new specific commitments and/or the majority of the remuneration in relation to the sector concerned. They are therefore not legally independent of other sectoral obligations, nor do they constitute agreements different from the GATS. The new obligations and exemptions for most wages have been added to existing lists and exemption lists by separate protocols to the GATS. The GATS Agreement covers four types of services in cross-border trade[3] exceptions are possible in the form of exemptions within the meaning of Article II. Members were allowed to request such exemptions before the entry into force of the agreement. New waivers may be granted to new Members only at the time of accession or, in the case of existing Members, by way of a waiver under Article IX(3) of the WTO Agreement.

All exceptions are subject to review; in principle, they should not last more than 10 years. In addition, the GATS allows groups of members to conclude economic integration agreements or mutually recognize regulatory standards, quotas, etc., if certain conditions are met. Some activist groups believe that the GATS undermines the ability and authority of governments to regulate commercial activities within their own borders, the resulting in ceding power to commercial interests before the interests of citizens. In 2003, the GATSwatch network issued a critical statement supported by more than 500 organizations in 60 countries. [1] At the same time, countries are not required to conclude international agreements such as the GATS. For countries that like to attract trade and investment, the GATS adds a certain level of transparency and legal predictability. Legal barriers to trade in services may have legitimate political reasons, but they can also be an effective tool for large-scale corruption. [2] The GATS, like all other Uruguay Round agreements, is an annex to the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO). It therefore does not have its own signature and ratification process, but will enter into force at the same time as the WTO Agreement and all other annexes. There is no GATS opt-out: if you want to benefit from the other elements of the Uruguay Round, you must also join the GATS.

On 15 April 1994, ministers from more than 100 countries signed the Final Act of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations at the Marrakesh Ministerial Meeting. Thus concluded the eighth round of GATT trade negotiations, which was launched in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in September 1986. Under the agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the package includes agreements on topics as diverse as agriculture, textiles, intellectual property and trade-related investment measures. And for the first time, with the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), the parties established global rules for trade in services. The GATS, like the WTO, is expected to enter into force on 1 January 1995. .

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