On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the „backstop“) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a „hard“ border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed. [19] The agreement also provides for a transitional period that extends until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK. [17] [18] In the 2019 revisions, elements of the political statement were also adapted, replacing the word „appropriate“ with „appropriate“ with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms. [27] In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration,[24] and the line of the political statement that „the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas“ has been removed. [26] the majority of present and voting members of the Legislative Assembly, including the majority of the present and voting Unionist and Nationalist denominations; or CONSCIENT that Ireland`s rights and obligations under the rules of the internal market and the EU customs union must be fully respected, unlimited access, as if by default limited to national depreciation reports (access in reading only from 1 July 2025 as part of the liquidation of the separate account until 31 December 2025). .

(62) Agreement on the implementation of the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985 between the governments of the States of the Benelux Economic Union, the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the phasing out of controls at their common borders (JO L 199 of 19.12.1985, p. 1). (2) JO L 239, 22.9.2000, p.

Categories: Allgemein