The effectiveness of IGAD will also determine the success of R-ARCSS. It is necessary to recognize and anticipate that there are parties and individuals who are prepared to undermine the R-ARCSS by hidden and incarceral means to defend their interests, their power and their constituent ideologies. IGAD`s ability to respond effectively to the challenges or resistance will be essential to facilitate the smooth implementation of the Peace Pact. Despite potential obstacles to the implementation of the R-ARCSS, there are many factors that will ensure that the agreement meets its overall goal of laying the foundation for a unified, peaceful and prosperous South Sudan. The agreement on South Sudan, known as the Revitalization Agreement on Conflict Resolution in South Sudan (R-ARCSS), was signed on 12 September 2018 and the relaunched Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU) is due to be formed on 22 February 2020. Since the resumption of the civil war in South Sudan on 7 July 2016, efforts have been made to ensure a return to peace in the country through various national and regional initiatives. The creation of the High Level Forum on Revitalization (FNT) by the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) – a seven-member regional bloc composed of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda – at the extraordinary summit of heads of state and government on South Sudan on 12 June 20171, played a key role in convening parties to the negotiations in South Sudan for the relaunch of the ARCS. The agreement provides for the creation of an UNTT in South Sudan. This RTGoNU is responsible for governing for a 36-month transition period that begins eight months after the signing of the R-ARCSS. Democratic elections will be held 60 days before the end of the transition period. The same agreement also provides for a single executive chairman (Kiir), a first vice-president (Machar) and four vice-presidents appointed by TGoNU, SSOA, the current TGoNU and former detainees. While the first vice-president is responsible for tasking the cabinet group for governance issues, the other four vice-presidents will mandate their assigned clusters of firms: the economic cluster, the distribution service, the infrastructure cluster and the Gender and Youth cluster.

In terms of scope, the R-ARCSS covers issues relating to governance structures and institutions of the Transitional Government of National Unity (RTGoNU); a permanent ceasefire and security measures for transitional security, humanitarian aid and reconstruction agreements; an agreed framework for managing resources, the economy and the economy; The agreed principles and structures for transitional justice, accountability, reconciliation and healing; The parameters for managing the ongoing constitutional process; creation of the Joint Supervisory and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); and operational procedures and amendments to the agreement. The legitimacy of the R-ARCSS is another facilitator. In general, the agreement is strongly locally responsible and it appears that there is a regional and international consensus that the peace pact is acceptable. While the international community seems skeptical of the historic trend of violations of the peace agreement in South Sudan – understandably – it has pledged to support the peace process. The troika of the United Kingdom, the United States of America and Norway expressed „concern about the commitment of the parties to the agreement“17, but acknowledged that the agreement was essential to combating peace and security in South Sudan, while the UN spokesman for the Secretary-General of South Sudan hailed the peace pact as „a positive and significant development“. , because it often helps to mobilize the support needed for the sustainability and sustainability of peace agreements.

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